About Population (SOCOTRA ISLAND)

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    Population Activity:
    The indigenous population of the interior is mostly subsistence farmers and pastoralists, while coastal dwellers engage mostly in fishing and trade. Socotra has lagged seriously behind the mainland of Yemen in economic development. The most important parts of the local economy are the production of livestock and the coastal fishery. The main cash income for the fishermen is almost exclusively from the export of dried shark and shark fins to the mainland, where the meat is eaten locally and the fins re-exported for the lucrative far eastern trade. A number of families practice subsistence farming with small-scale production of fruits and vegetables (dates, cow peas, finger millet, and sweet potatoes) for local consumption. But the harsh climate on Socotra restricts such cultivation to limited areas. The chief products of the island are dates, ghee, tobacco, and fish. Also, cattle and goats are raised. The main resources for the local economy are fishing and small-scale agriculture. Exports go principally to the rest of Yemen, and include the butter called ghee, fish and frankincense. Despite its size, Socotra has nomads who live off their cattle and other animals, as well as doing some limited agriculture.
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    Culture:
    Most Socotris still live without electricity, running water or a paved road. The Semitic language Soqotri is spoken only in Socotra, although it is related to other Modern South Arabian languages on the Arabian mainland such as Mehri. The chief products of the island are dates, ghee, tobacco, and fish. Also, cattle and goats are raised.